25 to reduce the risk of gout and stones, owners should carefully limit the intake of purines by avoiding giving their dogs food containing organ meats, animal byproducts, or other high-purine ingredients. Hyperuricemia in Dalmatians responds to treatment with orgotein, the veterinary formulation of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase. 26 Dalmatian-pointer Backcross Project edit hyperuricemia in Dalmatians (as in all breeds) is inherited, but unlike other breeds, the "normal" gene for uricase is not present in the breed's gene pool. Therefore, there is no possibility of eliminating hyperuricemia among pure-bred Dalmatians. The only possible solution to this problem must then be crossing Dalmatians with other breeds to reintroduce the "normal" uricase gene. This led to the foundation of the dalmatian-pointer Backcross Project, which aims to reintroduce the normal uricase gene into the dalmatian breed. The backcross used a single English pointer ; subsequent breedings have all been to purebred Dalmatians. This project was started in 1973.
National Velvet - wikipedia
Citation needed Blue-eyed Dalmatians are thought to have a greater incidence of deafness than brown-eyed Dalmatians, although a mechanism of association between the two characteristics has loan yet to be conclusively established. 20 Some kennel clubs discourage the use of blue-eyed dogs in breeding programs. 21 Hip dysplasia edit hip dysplasia is another disease that affects nearly 5 of purebred Dalmatians, 22 causing those to experience limping, fatigue, moderate to severe pain, and trouble standing. Most Dalmatians who eventually develop hip dysplasia are born with normal hips, but the soft tissues surrounding the joint grow abnormally due to their genetic make-up. The disease may affect both hips, or only the right or left hip, leading afflicted dogs to walk or run with an altered gait. 23 Hyperuricemia edit dalmatian portrait Dalmatians, like humans, can suffer from hyperuricemia. 24 Dalmatians' livers have trouble breaking down uric acid, which can build up in the blood serum ( hyperuricemia ) causing gout. Uric acid can also be excreted in high concentration into the urine, causing kidney stones and bladder stones. These conditions are most likely to occur in middle-aged males. Males over 10 are prone to kidney stones and should have their calcium intake reduced or be given preventive medication.
The condition is also common in other canine breeds that share a genetic propensity for light pigmentation. This includes, but is not limited to bull Terriers, dogo Argentinos, poodles, boxers, border Collies and Great Danes. Citation needed typically, only dogs with apple bilateral hearing are bred, although those with unilateral hearing, and even dogs with bilateral deafness, make fine pets with appropriate training. 7 The dalmatian Club of America's position on deaf pups is that they should not be used for breeding, and that humane euthanasia may be considered as an "alternative to placement". Deaf Dalmatian puppies can be difficult to home, due to increased aggression and difficulty in managing behavior. 18 Dalmatians with large patches of colour present at birth may have a lower rate of deafness. Selecting for this trait may reduce the frequency of deafness in the breed. 19 However, patches are a disqualifying factor in Dalmatian breed standards in an effort to preserve the spotted coat (the continual breeding of patched dogs would result in heavily patched Dalmatians with few spots).
The dalmatian Club of America lists the average lifespan of a dalmatian at between 11 and 13 years, although some can live as long as 15 to 16 years. 12 Breed health surveys in the us and the uk show an average lifespan.9 and.55 years, respectively. 13 14 In their late teens, both males and females may suffer bone spurs and arthritic conditions. Autoimmune thyroiditis may be a relatively the common condition for the breed, affecting.6 of dogs. 15 deafness edit a genetic predisposition for deafness is a serious health problem for Dalmatians; only about 70 have normal hearing. 16 deafness was not recognized by early breeders, so the breed was thought to be unintelligent. Even after recognizing the problem as a genetic fault, breeders did not understand the dogs' nature, and deafness in Dalmatians continues to be a frequent problem. Citation needed researchers now know deafness in albino and piebald animals is caused by the absence of mature melanocytes in the inner ear. 17 This may affect one or both ears.
Long-coated Dalmatians are not acceptable in the breed standard, however, these individuals experience much less shedding than their smooth-coated counterparts, which shed considerably year-round. The standard variety's short, stiff hairs often weave into carpet, clothing, upholstery and nearly any other kind of fabric and can be difficult to remove. Weekly grooming with a hound mitt or curry can lessen the amount of hair Dalmatians shed, although nothing can completely prevent shedding. Due to the minimal amount of oil in their coats, dalmatians lack a dog odor dog smell and stay fairly clean relative to many other dog breeds. 7 9, litter size edit, dalmatians usually have litters of six to nine pups, 10 but they have been known to have larger litters on occasion, such as a massive eighteen puppy brood born in January 2009 (all were healthy). 11 Puppies don't have spots in the beginning Newborn Dalmatian puppies Dalmatian puppies, three weeks Puppies, four-five weeks A three-month-old Dalmatian Blue-eyed Dalmatian Dalmatians are a relatively healthy and easy to keep breed. Like other breeds, dalmatians display a propensity towards certain health problems specific to their breed, such as deafness, allergies and urinary stones. Reputable breeders have their puppies baer (Brainstem Auditory evoked Response) tested to ensure the status of the hearing on their pups.
National Velvet (film) - wikipedia
6, the outline of the dog should be square when viewed from the side: the body is as long from forechest to buttocks as it is tall at the withers, and right the shoulders are well-laid back, the stifle is well-bent and the hocks are well-let. The dalmatian's feet are round with well-arched toes, and the nails are usually white or the same colour as the dog's spots. The thin ears taper towards the tip and are set fairly high and close to the head. Eye color varies between brown, amber, or blue, with some dogs having one blue eye and one brown eye, or other combinations. 7, coat edit, dalmatian puppies are born with plain white coats and their first spots usually appear within 3 to 4 weeks after birth, however spots are visible on their skin.
After about a month, they have most of their spots, although they continue to develop throughout life at a much slower rate. Spots usually range in size from 30 to 60 mm, and are most commonly black or brown (liver) on a white background. Other, more rare colors, include blue (a blue-grayish color brindle, mosaic, tricolor-ed (with tan spotting on the eyebrows, cheeks, legs, and chest and orange or lemon (dark to pale yellow). Patches of color may appear anywhere on the body, mostly on the head or ears, and usually, consist of a solid color. Patches are visible at birth and are not a group of connected spots and are identifiable by the smooth edge of the patch. 8, the dalmatian coat is usually short, fine, and dense; however, smooth-coated Dalmatians occasionally produce long-coated offspring.
Though distracted by him, she wins the event. Later, after getting engaged to Scott, sarah returns to England and presents the medal to her aunt Velvet as a keepsake and introduces her and John to Scott. The, dalmatian is a breed of medium-sized dog, 3 noted for its unique black or liver spotted coat and mainly used as a carriage dog in its early days. Its roots trace back. Croatia and its historical region of, dalmatia.
4 5, today, it is a popular family pet and many dog enthusiasts enter Dalmatians into kennel club competitions. Characteristics edit, a tricolor Dalmatian female—with tan spotting on the eyebrows, snout, cheeks, neck, chest, and legs. Body edit, the dalmatian is a medium sized, 3 well-defined, muscular dog with excellent endurance and stamina. When full grown, according to the American Kennel Club breed standard, it stands from 19 to 23 inches (48 to 58 cm) tall, with males usually slightly larger than females. Both the akc and. The kennel Club in the uk allows height up to 24 inches (61 cm) but that isn't ideal.
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5 Television adaptation edit From 1960 to 1962, there was a reviews half-hour b w american television series, with Lori martin, ann Doran and James McCallion. In this version her horse was named King. This aired on nbc for 52 episodes. Film sequel edit a 1978 film sequel, International Velvet, was made starring Tatum o'neal as Sarah Brown, a young orphaned American teenager living in England with her aunt Velvet Brown ( Nanette newman ) after Sarah's parents die in a car accident. Sarah and Velvet purchase the descendant of The pie after Sarah earns the money by working for Velvet's boyfriend John. They name him Arizona pie after Sarah's home state. Working with Arizona pie, sarah is selected to represent Britain in the equine Three-day olympic event. While working with the horse with trainer Capt Johnson ( Anthony hopkins she falls for an American competitor, Scott saunders ( Jeffrey byron ).
Velvet and The piebald become instant celebrities, with Velvet and her family nearly drowning in notoriety (echoing her mother's unsought fame after swimming the English Channel complete with merchandising. Velvet strongly objects to the publicity, saying The piebald is a creature of glory who should not be cheapened in tabloid trash and newsreels. She insists that she did not win the race, the horse did, and she simply wanted to see him go down in history. National Hunt, committee finds no evidence of fraud, exonerates all involved, and Velvet and her family return to their ordinary lives; or rather, velvet goes on "to her next adventures for clearly she is a person to whom great things happen. Film adaptation edit, the novel was made into a more or less faithful, highly successful film version in 1944, starring twelve-year-old, ban elizabeth taylor and. Mickey rooney, with, donald Crisp, anne revere and a young Angela lansbury. In 2008 the film was voted the ninth best American film in the sports genre. 2 3 In the film the horse, who was solid coloured, hence not a piebald (British English) or pinto (American English was renamed The pie. 4 Radio adaptation edit national Velvet was presented on Hallmark Playhouse on the cbs radio network on The half-hour adaptation starred Roddy McDowell and Anne Whitfield.
riding him to greatness. In addition to inheriting several horses from one of her father's customers, velvet also wins The pie, her dream horse. After riding him in a local gymkhana, she and mi seriously consider entering the Grand National steeplechase. Aintree racecourse and train the piebald accordingly. Mi uses his connections to the horse training/racing world and obtains a fake clearance document for Velvet in the name of James Tasky, a russian jockey. Velvet wins the race, but is disqualified for dismounting too soon after she slides off the saddle due to exhaustion, and her gender is discovered in the first-aid station. The racing world is both dismayed and fascinated by a young girl's winning its toughest race.
Velvet is a teenager in the late 1920s, living in a small English coastal village. Sussex, dreaming of one day owning many horses. She is a high-strung, shy, nervous child with a delicate stomach. Her mother business is a wise, taciturn woman who was once famous for swimming the. English Channel ; her father is a butcher. Velvet's best friend is her father's assistant, mi (Michael) taylor, whose father as Mrs. Brown's swimming coach helped her cross the channel. Mi formerly worked in stables and is familiar with the horse racing world.
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This article is about the entry novel. For the 1980s Canadian rock band National Velvet, see. For the film, see, national Velvet (film). For the television series, see. National Velvet (TV series). National Velvet is a novel by, enid Bagnold (18891981 first published in 1935. Contents, plot summary edit "National Velvet" is the story of a 14-year-old girl named Velvet Brown, who trains and rides her horse, named The piebald, to victory in the. The novel focuses on the ability of ordinary persons, particularly women, to accomplish great things.