His life goes undocumented for much of the next ten years, but it is believed that he wrote (or began) most of his famous works during this period. He was mentioned in law papers of, involved in the raptus of Cecilia chaumpaigne. What raptus means is unclear, but the incident seems to have been resolved quickly and did not leave a stain on Chaucer's reputation. It is not known if Chaucer was in the city of London at the time of the peasants' revolt, but if he was, he would have seen its leaders pass almost directly under his apartment window at Aldgate. 16 While still working as comptroller, Chaucer appears to have moved to kent, being appointed as one of the commissioners of peace for Kent, at a time when French invasion was a possibility. He is thought to have started work on The canterbury tales in the early 1380s. He also became a member of Parliament for Kent in 1386, and attended the ' wonderful Parliament ' that year. He appears to have been present at most of the 71 days it sat, for which he was paid.
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They introduced him to breaking medieval Italian poetry, the forms and stories of which he would use later. 13 14 The purposes of a voyage in 1377 are mysterious, as details within the historical record conflict. Later documents suggest it was a mission, along with jean Froissart, to arrange a marriage between the future king stay Richard ii and a french princess, thereby ending the hundred years War. If this was the purpose of their trip, they seem to have been unsuccessful, as no wedding occurred. In 1378, richard ii sent Chaucer as an envoy (secret dispatch) to the visconti and to sir John Hawkwood, english condottiere (mercenary leader) in Milan. It has been speculated that it was Hawkwood on whom Chaucer based his character the Knight in the canterbury tales, for a description matches that of a 14th-century condottiere. A 19th-century depiction of Chaucer A possible indication that his career as a writer was appreciated came when Edward iii granted Chaucer "a gallon of wine daily for the rest of his life" for some unspecified task. This was an unusual grant, but given on a day of celebration, St george's day, 1374, when artistic endeavours were traditionally rewarded, it is assumed to have been another early poetic work. It is not known which, if any, of Chaucer's extant works prompted the reward, but the suggestion of him as poet to a king places him as a precursor to later poets laureate. Chaucer continued to collect the liquid stipend until Richard ii came to power, after which it was converted to a monetary grant on Chaucer obtained the very substantial job of comptroller of the customs for the port of London, which he began on.
10 According to tradition, Chaucer studied law in the Inner Temple (an Inn of court ) at this time. He became a member of the royal court of Edward iii as a valet de chambre, yeoman, or esquire on, a position which could entail a wide variety of tasks. His wife also received a pension for court employment. He travelled abroad many times, at least some of them in his role as a valet. In 1368, he may plan have attended the wedding of lionel of Antwerp to violante visconti, daughter of Galeazzo ii visconti, in Milan. Two other literary stars of the era were in attendance: jean Froissart and Petrarch. Around this time, chaucer is believed to have written The book of the duchess in honour of Blanche of Lancaster, the late wife of John of gaunt, who died in 1369 of the plague. 11 Chaucer travelled to picardy the next year as part of a military expedition; in 1373 he visited Genoa and Florence. Numerous scholars such as skeat, boitani, and Rowland 12 suggested that, on this Italian trip, he came into contact with Petrarch or Boccaccio.
She was a lady-in-waiting to Edward iii's queen, Philippa of hainault, and a sister of Katherine Swynford, who later (c. 1396) became the third wife of John of gaunt. It is uncertain how many children Chaucer and Philippa had, but three or four are most commonly cited. His son, Thomas Chaucer, had an illustrious career, as chief butler to four kings, envoy to France, and Speaker of the house of Commons. Thomas's daughter, Alice, married the duke of Suffolk. Thomas's great-grandson (Geoffrey's great-great-grandson john de la pole, earl of Lincoln, was the heir to the throne designated by richard iii before he was deposed. Geoffrey's other children probably included Elizabeth Chaucy, a nun at Barking Abbey, 8 9 Agnes, an attendant at Henry iv 's coronation; and another son, lewis Chaucer. Chaucer's "Treatise on the Astrolabe" was written for Lewis.
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4 John Chaucer married Agnes Copton, who, in 1349, inherited properties including 24 shops in London from her uncle, hamo de copton, who is described in a will dated listed in the city hustings Roll as " moneyer he was said to be moneyer. In the city hustings Roll 110, 5, ric ii, dated June 1380, geoffrey chaucer refers to himself as me galfridum Chaucer, filium Johannis Chaucer, vinetarii, londonie'. While records concerning the lives of his contemporary friends, william Langland and the pearl poet, are practically non-existent, since Chaucer was a public servant, his official life is very well documented, with nearly five hundred written items testifying to his career. The first advantages of the "Chaucer Life records" appears in 1357, in the household accounts of Elizabeth de burgh, the countess of Ulster, when he became the noblewoman's page through his father's connections, 5 a common medieval form of apprenticeship for boys into knighthood or prestige. The countess was married to lionel, duke of Clarence, the second surviving son of the king, Edward iii, and the position brought the teenage Chaucer into the close court circle, where he was to remain for the rest of his life. He also worked as a courtier, a diplomat, and a civil servant, as well as working for the king from 1389 to 1391 as Clerk of the king's Works.
6 In 1359, in the early stages of the hundred years' war, edward iii invaded France and Chaucer travelled with lionel of Antwerp, 1st duke of Clarence, elizabeth's husband, as part of the English army. In 1360, he was captured during the siege of Rheims. Edward paid 16 for his ransom, 7 a considerable sum, and Chaucer was released. After this, Chaucer's life is uncertain, but he seems to have travelled in France, spain, and Flanders, possibly as a messenger and perhaps even going on a pilgrimage to santiago de compostela. Around 1366, Chaucer married Philippa (de) roet.
1343 known as the father. English literature, 1 is widely considered the greatest English poet of the. He was the first poet to be buried. Poets' corner of, westminster Abbey. While he achieved fame during his lifetime as an author, philosopher, and astronomer, composing a scientific treatise on the astrolabe for his ten-year-old son Lewis, Chaucer also maintained an active career in the civil service as a bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat. Among his many works are.
The book of the duchess, the house of Fame, the legend of good Women and, troilus and Criseyde. He is best known today for. Chaucer's work was crucial in legitimizing the literary use of the. Middle English vernacular at a time when the dominant literary languages in England were French and Latin. Contents, origins edit, geoffrey chaucer was born in London sometime around 1343, though the precise date and location of his birth remain unknown. His father and grandfather were both London vintners ; several previous generations had been merchants. (His family name derives from the French chausseur, meaning "shoemaker".) 2, in 1324, john Chaucer, geoffrey's father, was kidnapped by an aunt in the hope of marrying the twelve-year-old boy to her daughter in an attempt to keep property in Ipswich. The aunt was imprisoned and the 250 fine levied (equivalent to 200,000 today) 3 suggests that the family was financially secure, maybe even elite.
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In the news, as Markle's father pulls out of the wedding, everyone is now wondering who may escort the future roles princess on her big day. In the news This year's theme, "heavenly bodies: Fashion and the catholic Imagination inspired celebrities like rihanna, katy perry and Madonna to go all out with their religious looks. In the news It's the wedding of the year! We gathered the facts about the upcoming royal nuptials. Celebrity In this salon m exclusive, the Academy Award-winning actor talks about her life, career and new book, 'the seasons of my mother: a memoir of love, family and Flowers which deals with her mother beverlys ongoing battle with Alzheimers disease. For other uses, see. Geoffrey chaucer ( /tʃɔsər/ ;.
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