Brief of Common cause in Support of Appellants Summary: This brief, filed by common cause, describes how the gerrymandering of Marylands congressional map violated the first Amendments ban on viewpoint discrimination. The brief also highlights the factual findings and legal conclusions made by the panel in Common cause. Rucho, common causes concurrent challenge to north Carolinas 2016 remedial congressional map. The law firms Bondurant, mixson elmore, llp and Paterson Belknap Webb tyler llp are co-counsel for Common causes filing. Brief of International Municipal Lawyers Association, national league of Cities,. Conference of mayors, International City/County management Association, and the county of Santa Clara in Support of Appellants Summary: This brief, filed on behalf of several organizations and entities representing the interests of municipalities, explains how partisan gerrymandering undercuts the political influence of cities and other. Michael Parsons, corey roush, and the International Municipal Lawyers Association are co-counsel for this brief. Brief of Steven.
Mla citation guide (8th Edition Annotated Bibliography
Brief of Bipartisan Current and Former Members of Congress in Support of Appellants. Summary: The constitutional Accountability center filed this brief on behalf of a bipartisan panel of 25 current and former members of Congress. The brief examines the constitution's text, structure, and history—as well as the supreme court's case law—to illuminate both how redistricting plans designed to entrench a party's majority status violate core constitutional values and why the courts must put limits on these extreme partisan gerrymanders. Brief of the national Association for the Advancement of Colored people, inc., the georgia state the conference of the naacp, lavelle lemon, marlon reid, celeste sims, patricia smith, and Coley tyson in Support of neither Party. Summary: This brief was filed by the naacp and one of its state chapters along with the plaintiffs in a pending georgia redistricting lawsuit. The amici contend that invidious intent—that is, an intent to minimize the voting strength of a group of voters—is the key to a legal standard that will be flexible enough for courts to address different forms of partisan gerrymandering. The lawyers Committee for civil Rights Under Law and Bryan cave llp are co-counsel with the naacp for this filing. Brief of governors Lawrence joseph Hogan,., Arnold. Schwarzenegger, resume joseph Graham Gray davis., and John. Kasich in Support of Appellants Summary: This brief, filed on behalf of a group of prominent current and former state governors, emphasizes that the normal political process cannot combat extreme partisan gerrymanders and, as a result, legislators should not be given unbounded power to draw. The law firm reed Smith llp is counsel for the governors filing.
The Brennan Center and the law firm Holwell Shuster goldberg llp are co-counsel for this brief. Brief of Professor Michael Kang in Support of Appellants. Summary: This brief, filed by Professor Michael Kang of Emory University School of Law, explains that the supreme court has never held that partisan advantage is a thesis valid basis for government action, and that such advantage cannot be a legitimate basis for redistricting. The law firm davis Polk llp is counsel for Professor Kangs filing. Brief of the American civil Liberties Union, the aclu of Maryland, and the new York civil Liberties Union in Support of Appellants. Summary: This brief, filed by the aclu, two of its state affiliates, and Professor Samuel Isaacharoff of the new York University School of Law, argues that courts should focus on entrenchment—a state of affairs where legislators have drawn districts to insulate a partys hold. The amici further explain that partisan-gerrymandering claims are more manageable on a state-wide, rather than a district-specific, basis. Brief of the campaign Legal Center and the southern coalition for Social Justice in Support of neither Party. Summary: This brief, filed by the campaign Legal Center, the southern coalition for Social Justice, and Professor Nicholas Stephanopoulos of the University of Chicago law School, argues that Marylands congressional map would likely qualify as an unconstitutional partisan gerrymander under the test that the campaign.
Ahead of argument, the court received fifteen amicus briefs from a diverse array of constitutional law professors, civil rights organizations, good government groups, states, and politicians—some supporting the plaintiffs (who are the appellants in this case others supporting Maryland (which is the appellee in this. To help court watchers get up to speed, the Brennan Center prepared this short annotated guide to the amicus briefs, which includes summaries of each briefs most prominent or unique points. For more on, benisek, including key filings or court rulings from all phases of the case, visit our regularly updated case page. . And for a quick introduction to the many amicus briefs on partisan gerrymandering filed earlier this term, visit our annotated guide to the, whitford amicus briefs. Brief of the Brennan Center for Justice in Support of Appellants. Summary: This brief, filed by the Brennan Center for Justice, explains that Marylands 2011 congressional redistricting was an extreme partisan gerrymander designed to maximize and lock-in the democratic supermajority in the states congressional delegation. As the brief demonstrates, readily discernable evidentiary signposts—such as single-party control of the redistricting process—can help the courts accurately differentiate between lawful redistricting and unlawful, extreme partisan gerrymanders.
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New York: King books, 1999. Caliparis book offers a comprehensive examination of what life is like for New York mafia figures and essay their immediate family members. Calipari interviews more than 50 participants who discuss how their associations with organized crime effected them in their professional and personal lives. The author also discusses and provides an overview of the history of some of the most notorious crime families. The book also provides exclusive photos of family life, including vacations and social gatherings.
The Chicago/Turabian style consists of one paragraph and merely requires a summary. Recommended reading: What is a rhetorical Analysis. On March 28, the supreme court will hear argument. Lamone, the partisan-gerrymandering challenge to marylands 2011 congressional map. Benisek is one of the highest-profile cases of the courts 2017-18 term: Along with. Whitford, a partisan-gerrymandering case argued last October, benisek offers the court an opportunity to establish clear limits for the first time on extreme gerrymandering.
The mla style includes three paragraphs: a summary, an assessment of the work, and an explanation for how it applies to the writers own research. Apa style sample, nowak,. Revolution: Growing Up in Communist Poland. This book of nonfiction offers a unique account of a polish teenager growing up in the country during its days of communist dictatorship rule. He discusses his day-to-day life of living.
Krakow, the third largest city in Poland, during the political turmoil of the late 1980s. But aside from putting up with nuisances such as the food shortages and his politically active father constantly being harassed by the secret police, he writes about endearing encounters and friendships that he developed in a time of paranoia and uncertainty. While nowak notes that his experiences likely differed from that of his fellow compatriots living in Poland at the time, it nonetheless serves as an informative look about the life of a typical. His work appears sincere, is easy to relate to, and is free of exaggerations or anything else that would call into question the authenticity of his experiences. The apa style includes a summary and assessment. For this style, discussing the usefulness of the work as it relates to the persons own research is not required. Chicago/Turabian Style sample, calipari, anthony james. Life in the mob.
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Bibliography, mla style sample, henderson, james. Winning at Life: How to be your Best Self. Hendersons book offers useful advice on how to overcome a lack of confidence and succeed through self-acceptance. Rather than explaining the points in a dry, clinical manner, henderson incorporates a great deal of humor and even uses anecdotes based on his own personal experience in order to make his book more relatable to the reader. . The chapters of his book deal with advice on such aspects as how to influence people, how to project confidence, and how to increase what he calls the likeability factor. While the book serves to help the reader overcome their personality weaknesses, the main purpose is to provide a non-judgmental approach to succeeding at life by focusing on the positive traits that everybody possesses rather than lecturing or otherwise putting down the reader. The result is an uplifting way to conquer fears and insecurities. We can help you.
Below you can find an annotated bibliography template for each of the bibliography example. How to make an Annotated Bibliography. Composing an annotated bibliography requires the use of various intellectual abilities including concise exposition, analysis that is brief yet highly informative, and scouring the library for the best possible sources. The first step is to seek out and make a list of citations from books, journals and other relevant works that might be helpful in your own research. Then select the sources that would best allow you to accomplish your goals. Do not simply include the sources that support your hypothesis; it is also important to include works, which offer a variety of perspectives and opinions. Cite your sources based on book the formatting style as stipulated by your academic institution or adviser. Write a short, informative annotation that provides a summary of the main purpose and scope of the work.
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As you are writing a research paper, it father's is important to cite all of your work sources in order to give proper credit. For typical essays, a bibliography page contains the authors of the work, titles, the date that the work was published, and page numbers. But for major papers, such as a phD dissertation, you are often required to go further. This is where an annotated bibliography comes into play. Whenever you work on an important academic paper, you are required to include an annotated bibliography containing sources that are relevant to your topic, accurate, and contain research from reputable authors. What is an annotated bibliography? The definition of an annotated bibliography is a list of citations to the works that are used in your essay. This can include academic journals, magazine articles, and books. Annotated Bibliography format, note that the style in which you structure the annotated bibliography differs in subtle ways depending whether your project guidelines require the use the apa, mla or Chicago/Turabian annotated bibliography format.