Upwind I think the solution is to work in the other direction. Instead of working back from a goal, work forward from promising situations. This is what most successful people actually do anyway. In the graduation-speech approach, you decide where you want to be in twenty years, and then ask: what should I do now to get there? I propose instead that you don't commit to anything in the future, but just look at the options available now, and choose those that will give you the most promising range of options afterward. It's not so important what you work on, so long as you're not wasting your time.
Wittgenstein, essay, research Paper The
So far we've cut the Standard Graduation Speech down from "don't give up on your dreams" to "what someone else can do, you can." But it needs to be cut still further. There is some variation in natural ability. Most people overestimate its role, but it does exist. If I were talking to a guy four feet tall whose ambition was to play in the nba, i'd feel pretty stupid saying, you can do anything if you really try. 2 we need to cut the Standard Graduation Speech down to, "what someone else with your abilities can do, you can do; and don't underestimate your abilities." But as so often happens, the closer you get to the truth, the messier your sentence gets. We've taken a nice, neat (but wrong) slogan, and churned it up like a mud puddle. It doesn't life make a very good speech anymore. But worse still, it doesn't tell you what to do anymore. Someone with your abilities? What are your abilities?
And most biographies only exaggerate this illusion, partly due to the worshipful attitude biographers inevitably sink into, and partly because, knowing how the story ends, they can't help streamlining the plot till it seems like the subject's life was a matter of destiny, the mere. In fact I suspect if you had summary the sixteen year old Shakespeare or Einstein in school with you, they'd seem impressive, but not totally unlike your other friends. Which is an uncomfortable thought. If they were just like us, then they had to work very hard to do what they did. And that's one reason we like to believe in genius. It gives us an excuse for being lazy. If these guys were able to do what they did only because of some magic Shakespeareness or Einsteinness, then it's not our fault if we can't do something as good. I'm not saying there's no such thing as genius. But if you're trying to choose between two theories and one gives you an excuse for being lazy, the other one is probably right.
The computer world has a name for this: premature optimization. And it is synonymous with disaster. These speakers would do better to say simply, don't give. What they really mean is, don't get demoralized. Don't think that you can't do what other people can. And i agree you shouldn't underestimate your potential. People who've done great things friend tend to seem as if they were a race apart.
1, but there are other jobs you can't learn about, because no one is doing them yet. Most of the work i've done in the last ten years didn't exist when I was in high school. The world changes fast, and the rate at which it changes is itself speeding. In such a world it's not a good idea to have fixed plans. And yet every may, speakers all over the country fire up the Standard. Graduation Speech, the theme of which is: don't give up on your dreams. I know what they mean, but this is a bad way to put it, because it implies you're supposed to be bound by some plan you made early.
Wittgenstein essay, research paper
I'll start by telling resume you something you don't have to know in high school: what you want to do with your life. People are always asking you this, so you think you're supposed to have an answer. But adults ask this mainly as a conversation starter. They want to know what sort of person you are, and this question is just to get you talking. They ask it the way about you might poke a hermit crab in a tide pool, to see what it does.
If I were back in high school and someone asked about my plans, i'd say that my first priority was to learn what the options were. You don't need to be in a rush to choose your life's work. What you need to do is discover what you like. You have to work on stuff you like if you want to be good at what you. It might seem that nothing would be easier than deciding what you like, but it turns out to be hard, partly because it's hard to get an accurate picture of most jobs. Being a doctor is not the way it's portrayed. Fortunately you can also watch real doctors, by volunteering in hospitals.
No wonder, then, that a creative talent such as Derek jarman should respond with such characteristic energy to a commission from Channel 4 for a film about the philosopher, written by radical literary theorist Terry eagleton. Wittgenstein is a bold offbeat biography, personalised in Jarman's unique style to address the politics and sexuality of the great but troubled man. The result is no dry treatise, but a treat for eyes and mind alike. Exceeding the limitations of its miniscule budget, wittgenstein is full of arresting visuals and bold performances from Tilda Swinton, michael gough, and Karl Johnson, who brilliantly captures Wittgenstein in all his torment and drama. It was to be jarman's penultimate film, and is infused with the sense of artistic adventure, intelligence and playfulness that characterised his life and work.
January 2005 (I wrote this talk for a high school. I never actually gave it, because the school authorities vetoed the plan to invite.). When I said I was speaking at a high school, my friends were curious. What will you say to high school students? So i asked them, what do you wish someone had told you in high school? Their answers were remarkably similar. So i'm going to tell you what we all wish someone had told.
Mettaton quiz essay : Creative writing fantasy)
Stern and Sluga) 2). Hacker, "Was he trying to Whistle It? (from The new Wittgenstein, eds. Crary and read) Return to course homepage. We have released three derek jarman films caravaggio (1986 wittgenstein (1993) and The Angelic Conversation (1985) on dvd, all digitally restored and re-mastered and each with extensive and illuminating extra features. The films were salon made with the bfi production board, whose aim was to foster innovation in British filmmaking, thus providing a natural home for Jarman's artistic sensibility. These three films represent highpoints in his career and are perhaps the most enduring in their appeal and relevance to contemporary audiences. Philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein once stated that philosophy ought to be written as if it were poetry, and a poetic intensity typified his life and his work.
A note on incompletes: Graduate students taking incompletes must complete all course requirements by the first day of classes for Spring semester, or a grade of F will be turned. I mean it this time! Reading Schedule (subject to change) in coursepack date, material covered, sept. Course Introduction, sept 12 1) Frege, "Function and Concept and 2) "On Concept and Object (to be found. The Frege reader, or in his Collected Papers ) Sept 19 Russell, Philosophy of Logical Atomism, lectures i-iv sept 26 Russell, Philosophy of Logical Atomism, lectures v-viii oct 3 1) Russell, chap. Xviii mathematics and Logic of Introduction to mathematical Philosophy * 2) Russell, Introduction to the Tractatus 3) Frank ramsey, critical Notice (review) of the Tractatus * (from Mind 32 (1923 465-78.) Oct ramayana 10 Tractatus, preface, sections 1 -.263 Oct 17 Tractatus, sections.3. Recommended background reading: Peter geach, "saying and Showing in Frege and Wittgenstein (from Acta Philosophica fennica 28 (1976 54-70.) nov 28 Thanksgiving. Dec 5 James Conant, "The method of the Tractatus (from From Frege to wittgenstein,. Reck) Dec 11 1) Thomas Ricketts, "Pictures, logic, and the limits of Sense in Wittgenstein's Tractatus (from The cambridge companion to wittgenstein, eds.
an essay that is slightly. (you should never expect to receive anything above. A student receiving a 4 on every assignment should still expect a good grade for this portion. I will only award a 5 to an essay that surpasses my expectations.) In determining your grade, i will take into account only your 10 highest scores of 12 possible essays. This means you may either drop your two lowest scores, or simply not write two essays (or combine the two options). You need not prepare an assignment for the week you will be presenting. Lastly, you may choose between the following two options: Term paper (15-25 pages The paper should constitute critical and original discussion either of the interpretation of Wittgenstein's. Tractatus or the philosophical issues it raises. The amount of outside research done for the paper is left to your discretion, but a careful search of the relevant secondary material is strongly recommended. . Book reviews: read two books written on or about Wittgenstein's early philosophy and prepare lengthy academic-style book reviews (6-8 pages each) in which you first summarize the book, and evaluate it in terms of both the accuracy of its interpretation of Wittgenstein, and its other.
Edu/klement/791 texts: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. (at Atticus, downtown Amherst bertrand Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism (at Atticus, downtown Amherst). A coursepack of additional readings (available at Campus Design and Copy, 2nd floor of Student Union). Course requirements: your final grade will be based on the following requirements: (1) in-class participation (15 (2) one in-class presentation (20 (3) weekly reading assignments (20 and (4) a final term paper or book reviews (45). Presentation: you will sign-up for one seminar session in which you will lead discussion by first summarizing and clarifying the reading for that session (taking approximately 20 minutes to do so and then raise a number of points for discussion for the group. Weekly reading assignments: you are expected to carefully read the selected texts for each session before the seminar meeting and come prepared to discuss them. To help facilitate this, each week you are expected to write a 1-3 page essay in which you (1) summarize the reading, (2) identify any criticisms or points of discussion (including points in need of clarification). These essays are due at the start of class on the day on which we will be discussing the relevant readings.
Resumé and Curriculum Vitae for Peter Murray
Syllabus - phil 791T, syllabus, phil 791t seminar: Wittgensteins, tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Thursdays 4:00-6:30pm; location tba, course description: An in-depth examination of Ludwig Wittgenstein's (1921). Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, its historical background, and philosophical influence. Topics include logical atomism, the picture theory of meaning, saying and showing, truth functionality, and mysticism. Contact info: my office is 353 Bartlett Hall. My office phone is 545-5784. My office hours are tu 4:00-5:00pm, Th 1:00-2:00 and most other times by appointment. Feel free to drop by any time i'm in my office. You may also e-mail me pdf at or call me at home at 259-1154.