In the United States, Florida and Hawaii are the predominant producers, with Florida responsible for more than 90 percent of production and 80 percent of acreage. However imports about 100 times the domestic production, with most fruit coming from Mexico, and small amounts from Brazil, guatemala, and haiti. Consumption Mangos should always be washed to remove any sap or residue on the skin before handling. Since the mango is in the same family as poison ivy, it is not surprising that sap from the mango tree contains the hazardous chemical urushiol, although much less than poison ivy. Some people get dermatitis from touching mango sap or peel. Some seedling mangos are so fibrous that they cannot be sliced. These mangos are first massaged by rolling on a flat surface, and then a piece of skin at the top of the mango is ripped off and the mouth placed over the hole.
All Essay: Short Essay on my favourite Fruit (100 Words)
Today, even though each producing country has its own group of cultivars, Indian cultivars originally bred in Florida dominate the export market. Through the late 1930s and early 1940s, "Haden which was a chance seedling of "Mulgoba" (one of the original mango cultivars brought from India to the. By the usda in the 1800s was the most popular cultivar. "Haden however, was found to be anthracnose-prone, and a light and irregular bearer, and since then has been replaced by more disease-resistant and prolific cultivars. The leading present-day mango cultivars for commercial production and shipping are "Tommy Atkins "Keitt "Kent "Van dyke and "Jubilee." short The first two cultivars represent 50 percent of commercial crop. Production Top 12 Mango Producers - 2005 (hectares) India 1,600,000 China 433,600 Thailand 285,000 Indonesia 273,440 Mexico 173,837 Philippines 160,000 pakistan 151,500 Nigeria 125,000 guinea 82,000 Brazil 68,000 vietnam 53,000 Bangladesh 51,000 World Total 3,870,200 source: un food agriculture Organisation (FAO) India, china, and Thailand. As of 2005, India was the largest producer, with an area.6 million hectares with an annual production.8 million tons, which accounted for.18 percent of the total world production. The state of Uttar Pradesh dominates the mango production in the north, and it is considered the most important fruit in central and eastern part of the state, from Lucknow to varanasi, which produce some of the finest varieties. In southern India, andhra Pradesh and Karnataka states are major producers of mangos and specialize in making summary a variety of mango pickles. These pickles are very spicy. It is almost an essential food in Andhra families, where mango pickle production is a household activity in summer.
In mango orchards, several cultivars are usually grown intermixed to improve cross-pollination. Many mango cultivars were derived from chance seedlings, but some of the most commercially-popular cultivars were founded at a breeding program in Florida. Native green mangos from the Philippines There are two classes of cultivars: Indochinese and Indian. The mangos of the Indochinese group are described as flattened, kidney-shaped, and oblong with light green or yellow skin, golf and little or no red color. Indochinese cultivars usually have a polyembryonic seed, and most are resistant to anthracnose, the major fungal disease affecting the mango. In contrast, the Indian class is characterized by mangos that are more plump and rounded, and that have a bright red blush on the skin. Indians mangos have a monoembryonic seed that facilitates breeding efforts, and are commonly susceptible to anthracnose.
Some mangos have a turpentine odor and flavor, while others have a rich and pleasant fragrance. The flesh ranges from pale yellow to deep orange and is extremely juicy, with a flavor range from very sweet to subacid to tart. In the center of the fruit is a single flat, oblong stone that can be fibrous or hairless on the surface, depending on the cultivar. Inside the shell, which is one to two mm thick, is a paper-thin lining covering a starchy seed that is either monoembryonic (usually single-sprouting) or polyembryonic (usually producing more than one seedling). The prime climate for mango cultivation is seasonally wet and then seasonally dry (or vice versa) climate zones of the lowland tropics, or frost-free subtropical areas. A dry and cool season causes uniform floral initiation and, importantly, synchronizes bloom and harvest. Temperatures below 60 or above 100 f at flowering may cause flower abortion, loss of pollen viability, and occasionally seedless fruit development. Fruit growth never becomes dormant; however, it does cease at temperatures below 55-60. Cultivars There are hundreds of mango cultivars (a named grouping of cultivated plants sharing particular attributes) that exist throughout the world.
Mango - simple English wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Panicles sprouting in the bloom season or in shaded parts of the canopy tend to have more hermaphroditic flowers. Flowering occurs one to three months after panicles are initiated in terminal buds and are triggered by low temperatures or seasonally dry conditions. Chemical application of ethepon, 3, and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) is used to either induce flowering, or enhance the proportion of hermaphroditic flowers. Mango trees are considered to be self-fertile and do not require pollinizers, although research does indicate that some cultivars are self-unfruitful or at least benefit from handwriting cross-pollination. Pollination is achieved mostly by wild insects, and to a lesser extent, by honeybees. Although there may be up to four thousand flowers on a panicle, the fruit is usually just a few percent, with an average of one mango borne per panicle. After the flowers bloom, the fruit takes from three to six months to ripen.
Fruiting begins within six to ten years for seedling trees, and three to five years for grafted trees. Fruit The mango fruit is a drupe, that is, one in which an outer fleshy part surrounds a shell (the pit or stone) of hardened endocarp with a seed inside. When mature, the mango fruit hangs from the tree on long stems. Mangos are variable in size, from six to 25 cm long, seven to 12 cm wide, and with a weight of up.5 kg (four to five lbs). The ripe fruit is variably colored yellow, orange, and red—reddest on the side facing the sun and yellow in the shade. Green usually indicates that the fruit is not yet ripe, but this depends on the cultivar, or variety.
But the popularity of the mango goes beyond dietary considerations, and includes more internal values. The buddha found mango groves to be an attractive place for meditation, hindus use mango twigs on holy days, and the mango tree continues to serve as a symbol of love and life. Other internal values include the pleasure from the diverse tastes, textures, and colors of mango fruits, and both the tree and fruit have been the focus of works of art. The many varieties of mango, created by people and cultivated over the centuries, demonstrates the creativity of humans, as does the multitude of different preparation methods for the consumption of the fruit. The name "mango" is derived from the tamil word mangaai, and was popularized by the portuguese after their Indian exploration, hence the word 'manga' in Portuguese. Today, the mango is widely cultivated as a fruit tree in frost-free tropical and subtropical climates throughout India, north America, central America, south America, the caribbean, south and central Africa, and Australia.
Characteristics Mango trees are large trees, reaching ten to 30 meters (30 to 100 feet) in height, with a broad, rounded canopy that may, with age, attain 30 to 38 meters (100-125 feet) in width, or with a more upright, oval, slender crown. The mango tree is known for its longevity, with some specimens being noted to still bear fruit at 300 years of age. Leaves are lanceolate to linear, glossy evergreen in color, and have prominent light colored veins and entire margins. Emerging leaves on new growth flushes are bronze-red before maturation and appear wilted. One or two growth flushes occur per year, with flushes appearing sporadically across the tree's canopy. Fully grown leaves may be ten to 32 cm long and two to five cm broad, and may persist for several years. Mango tree with flowers Tiny, red-yellow flowers are borne in profuse, pyramidal, branched clusters of hundreds to as a many as four thousand individuals. Terminal panicles (type of flower cluster) are six to 40 cm long. The flowers give off a mild sweet odor suggestive of lily of the valley, and 25 to 95 percent of the flowers are male, while the rest are hermaphroditic.
Short Essay on Mango (National Fruit of India) - important India
The family Anacardiaceae, which is characterized by resinous bark and caustic oils in leaves, bark, and fruits, contains 73 genera and about 600 to 700 species, including cashew, pistachio, and the mombins. Mangos The mango tree originated in the Indo-burma region, where it is still found growing wild in forests, especially in the hilly areas of the northeast. Artificial selection of wild types has occurred for years, and vegetative propagation for at least 400 years in India. The ancient Hindu texts, the vedas and the puranas, written as far back as 2000. C.E., are replete with references to the mango. One of the earliest Hindu myths claims that the tree is the very transformation of Prajapati, the progenitor and creator of all creatures. The mango is a very popular fruit, so much database so that it has been hailed as the "king of fruits in the hindu vedas, the mango is referenced as the "food of the gods." The mango also is a nutritional remote fruit, containing valuable vitamins, minerals.
Mangifera pajang, mangifera pentandra, mangifera persiciformis, mangifera quadrifida. Mangifera siamensis, mangifera similis, mangifera swintonioides, mangifera sylvatica. Mangifera torquenda, mangifera zeylanica, the mango (plural mangos or mangoes ) is a genus, mangifera, of about 35 species internet of tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae (cashew or poison ivy family). Mango also refers to the mango fruit of these trees, but in particular to the fruit of the species Mangifera indica, which provides the most commercially important fruit crop. Up to 15 other Mangifera species besides. Indica produce edible fruit, including the water mango. Laurina, and the wild, forest mango,. Sylvatica, from which. Indica is thought to have descended.
all the informational resources humans have access to, how education has taught them about the damage they are causing to their own unique and irreplaceable environment, how everyone understands and acknowledges the problem they face, and. It is not surprising why wordsworth prefers to be a pagan over contemplating earth s destruction, but unwilling to ignore the problem, writes this poem, so he can at least let other people know about why he feels this way, and why something must. Previous (Manganese next (Manhattan)? Mango, immature Black mango fruit, scientific classification. Kingdom: Plantaeia, phylum: Magnoliophyta, class: Magnoliopsida, order: Sapindales, family: Anacardiaceae, genus: Mangifera,. About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima, mangifera applanata, mangifera caesia, mangifera camptosperma. Mangifera casturi, mangifera decandra, mangifera foetida, mangifera gedebe. Mangifera griffithii, mangifera indica, mangifera kemanga, mangifera laurina. Mangifera longipes, mangifera macrocarpa, mangifera mekongensis, mangifera odorata.
It was this thirst for glory, riches and power that started a nature devastating chain of events that had to write be documented, not only to express the author s feelings, but to try to convey a sense of urgency and warning for generations yet. Wordsworth was keen enough to discern how these improvements were going to benefit society, but not without taking a high toll on the environment. This is reflected on how getting and spending, we lay waste our powers ; the way humans today blindly and selfishly seek personal fulfillment without taking into account who or what gets in the way. Oil drilling, deforestation, soil depletion, and the various types of pollution all these abuses of our environment bring riches to a few, but misery to countless others. Wordsworth says little we see in nature that is ours, yet we do not think twice before taking anything nature has to offer for our advantage. However, the price must still be paid, and as time goes by, its importance becomes undeniable, and humans themselves will be held responsible for their self destruction. Wordsworth is dismayed as he contemplates human indifference, and after describing the power of the sun, the moon and the wind, he sadly states: It moves us not. It is undeniably discouraging to contemplate how fast this, our Earth, is becoming unlivable, and yet how fast humans are willing to conquer a different planet through space exploration. It may be the only way to save their souls, but all the money, time and attention dedicated to such exploration could be directed to improving the planet they already live.
Mango national Fruit of India my favourite Fruit Essay - pinterest
Earth Forgotten Essay, research Paper, earth Forgotten, poetry has always been a powerful way of communicating society s feelings, concerns, and discomforts without directly stating their inspiration. A good example of such poetry is William Wordsworth s The world is too much with. This poem expresses concern and disgust for the shameless destruction of our environment and society s indifference towards. It is poems like general this one that can not be overlooked even as time goes by, since they can still be learned from, due to the powerful wisdom they contain. There is a verse in the poem that states the fact that we are out of tune with this world, which is a great analogy to describe the destructive pace of the urbanization process. Even though by the time this poem was being written the human expansionism was not as pronounced as it is today, there were many reasons why wordsworth could feel impelled to write such verses. West migration and the quest for gold were the main driving factors that caused the necessity of having more and more reliable means of transportation.