You will have the opportunity to work on a project in partnership with local and international human rights ngos, un mechanisms or governmental bodies. You will develop the project over two terms (from September/October to february) and undertake fieldwork over two weeks (weeks 9 and 10 of the autumn term) in Malaysia or York. Please note that the malaysia trip/placements will only run if there are sufficient student numbers. You will be expected to work together in small groups in partnership with an organisation on a human rights project; this includes: Extensive background research on local and country context, the host organisation, relevant thematic issues; devising a project prior to the field visit,. To get an idea of previous years' placements, have a look at student feedback on the experiences in York and Malaysia. Dissertation During the summer term, you will start work on a dissertation of up to 12,000 words on a topic of your choice. You will receive specific training on legal research skills and methods to assist you with writing the dissertation and will be guided in your work by a supervisor.
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Dissertation (60 credits; terms 3 4). Optional operator modules, in the second term, you will be able to choose one optional module from a large variety of courses taught by staff from the centre of Applied Human Rights (cahr) or other departments at the University of York. You will have the opportunity to tailor your programme to enhance its interdisciplinary and to explore areas where rights are being used in new and innovative way. Optional modules taught at cahr, asylum, migration and Human Trafficking. The modern Actors of International Law (International Organisations, non-State Armed Groups, corporations). Optional modules taught at the york law School. Corporate responsibility and Law, counter Terrorism, constitutional Law and Theory. Medicine, ethics and the law, optional modules taught in other departments. Africa and International Politics (Politics citizenship and Education (Education home critical Theory (Politics). Global governance (Politics) New security challenges (Politics) Women, citizenship and Conflict (Centre for Women's Studies) * Module descriptors are available here. Please note that we are not able to guarantee availability of optional modules (due to academic leave of lecturers, insufficient demand, oversubscription) Human rights placements A distinguishable feature of the llm in International Human Rights Law and Practice is our practice-oriented approach.
They allow you flexibility to undertake research on those human rights topics which interest you most (e.g. By writing essays, making presentations, or developing an advocacy campaign salon on a topic of your choice and by undertaking a human rights placement with an organisation that works on a topic of interest). Legal Systems: sources and Operation (10 credits; term 1). Applying International Human Rights Law (20 credits; term 1). The Practice of fieldwork (20 credits; term 1). Human Rights Placement (20 credits; term 1 2). International Human Rights Laboratory (20 credits; term 2). Research skills and Methods (10 credits; term 3).
A strategic project about usually has scope as its most critical issue, while a tactical project has schedule, cost, or a different set of scope as the primary constraint. We can bind documents with as few as 30 sheets of A4 paper, however any less that that and we may not be able to fit text onto your spine. We can bind up to 500 pages, if you have more than 500 we would recommend splitting your document into multiple volumes, and binding each volume separately. Course content, lLM structure, taught over 1 year, the llm's structure reflects the three sides of human rights activism: law, policy and advocacy. Term 1, term. Term 3, summer, legal Systems : sources operation 10 credits, paper international Human Rights Laboratory 20 credits, research skills methods 10 credits. Applying International Human Rights Law 20 credits, optional Module 20 credits, the Practice of, fieldwork 20 credits. Human Rights Placement 20 credits, dissertation 60 credits, core modules, our core modules enable you to acquire holistic knowledge and the necessary socio-legal skills for a successful career in human rights practice or progression to PhD study.
Organizations can be good at tactical projects, such as moving to a new building or introducing a new product. These are projects that have one operational goal, which probably does not entail contributions by most employees within the organization. In these projects, meeting a tactical goal on time and within budget are key considerations. A strategic project, on the other hand, has a primary goal of gaining the competitive advantage by focusing on the organization's overall direction. williams, todd.; Kendrick, tom (2011). "15: dealing with 'Unprojects. Rescue the Problem Project: a complete guide to Identifying, Preventing, and Recovering from Project failure. Amacom division: American Management Association. The strategic project has a long-term goal to satisfy needs not included in the funding project.
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A guide to the Project summary Management Body of Knowledge (pmbok guide third Edition. Max Wideman (2004 a management Framework: For Project, Program and Portfolio integration. Rodney, and Ralf Müller. "On the nature of the project as a temporary organization." International journal of project management.1 (2003 1-8. carr, david, make sure notes your Project goals are smart, pm hut.
compare: Hundhausen, richard (2006). Working with Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 team System. Developer Reference series (2.). After a design has been validated the Application Designer will generate a skeleton implementation with projects, code, and configuration files that precisely match the design. Political sociology : oppression, resistance, and the state. "What Is a strategic Project?".
Definition of project project in English. An individual or collaborative enterprise that is carefully planned to achieve a particular aim. "What is a project? Planned set of interrelated tasks to be executed over a fixed period and within certain cost and other limitations. compare the somewhat circular definition: Manning, Stephan (2008). "Embedding projects in multiple contexts a structuration perspective".
International journal of Project Management. Two theoretical propositions have been made: First, projects as temporary systems are characterized by certain structural properties, in particular task specifications, time constraints and team relations, that guide project activities. Project feasibility tools for uncovering points of vulnerability. New York, ny: taylor and Francis, crc press. Thomas, G: How to do your research project. Sage publications Inc, 2009.
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Because the results of these activities are typically reviews long-standing infrastructure, with a life measured in years or decades, these projects are typically accounted for in financial accounting as capital expenditures, and thus they are termed "capital projects". Computer software edit In computer software, a project can consist of programs, configuration definitions and related data. Citation needed for example, in Microsoft Visual Studio a "solution" consists of projects and other definitions. 10 State project edit It can be defined as "a set of state policies and/or agencies unified around a particular issue or oppression". 11 Therefore, these kinds of projects involve constant change for and dynamisim due to the social constructions evolve among time. State projects have to adapt to the current moment. They are mostly community services based. Some analyses of project-oriented activity distinguish - using military-style terminology - between grandiose strategic projects and more trivial or component operational projects: tactical projects. 12 13 Notable examples edit references edit compare: "definition of project in English from the Oxford dictionary".
7 Projects can also be seen as temporary organization. 8 Project objectives define target status at the end of the project, reaching of which is considered necessary for the achievement of planned benefits. They can be formulated as smart criteria : 9 Specific measurable (or at least evaluable) achievement Achievable (recently Agreed to or Acceptable are used by whom? regularly as well) realistic (given the current state of organizational resources) Time terminated (bounded) good The evaluation (measurement) occurs at the project closure. However a continuous guard on the project progress should be kept by monitoring and evaluating. Civil and military construction and industry infrastructure edit In civil, military and industry (e.g. Oil and gas) infrastructure, capital projects refer to activities to construct and install equipment, facilities and buildings. As these activities are temporary endeavors with clear start and end dates, the term "project" is applied.
the triple constraints that are calendar, costs and norms of quality, each of which can be determined and measured objectively along the project lifecycle. Each project produces some level of formal documentation, the deliverable(s and some impacts, which can be positive and/or negative. 4 Specific uses edit School and university edit a project is an individual or collaborative enterprise that is carefully planned and researched about by students. At schools, educational institutes and universities, a project is a research assignment - given to a student - which generally requires a larger amount of effort and more independent work than that involved in a normal essay assignment. It requires students to undertake their own fact-finding and analysis, either from library/internet research or from gathering data empirically. The written report that comes from the project is usually in the form of an dissertation, which will contain sections on the project's inception, analysis, findings and conclusions. 5 Project management edit main article: project management In project management a project consists of a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result. 6 Another definition is: a management environment that is created for the purpose of delivering one or more business products according to a specified business case.
Contents, overview edit, the word project comes from the latin word projectum from the latin verb proicere, "before an action" paper which in turn comes from pro-, which denotes precedence, something that comes before something else in time (paralleling the Greek πρό) and iacere, "to do". The word "project" thus originally meant "before an action". When the English language initially adopted the word, it referred to a plan of something, not to the act of actually carrying this plan out. Something performed in accordance with a project became known as an " object ". Every project has certain phases of development. Formal definition in the project management realm edit a project consists of a concrete and organized effort motivated by a perceived opportunity when facing a problem, a need, a desire or a source of discomfort (e.g., lack of proper ventilation in a building). It seeks the realization of a unique and innovative deliverable, such as a product, a service, a process, or in some cases, a scientific research.
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For the urban low-income housing buildings called projects, see. For projects on wikipedia, see. For other uses, see, project (disambiguation). Contemporary business and science treat as a project any undertaking, carried out individually or collaboratively and possibly involving research or design, that is carefully planned (usually by a project team citation needed ) to achieve a particular aim. 1, an alternative view sees a project managerially as a sequence of events: a "set of interrelated tasks to be executed over a fixed period and within certain cost and other limitations". A project may be a temporary (rather than permanent) social system ( work system possibly constituted by teams (within or across organizations ) to accomplish particular tasks under time constraints. 3, a project may be a part of wider programme management citation needed or an ad hoc structure. Note that open-source software "projects" (for example) may lack defined team-membership, precise planning and time-limited durations.